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It's not an all-or-nothing thing. They'd be more willing to surrender for more legitimate reasons. Also, countries will be more willing to ally with a country that's acting legitimately, and against a country acting illegitimately.

Off the top of my head, I can recall only three cases in European history when a country surrendered without a fight. Czechoslovakia to Germans in 1938; Romania surrendered a large part of its territory to the USSR and Hungary (the latter was done under German pressure) in 1940; Baltic republics to the USSR in 1940. I donít think that in any of these cases the surrendering side saw much legitimacy in the German or Soviet demands.

Regarding alliances - how does one estimate the relative importance of legitimacy in a countryís foreign policy? My guess is that we would need to check how often countries formed an alliance that went against their selfish interests or the interests of their rulers. Do you know many such examples?
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